There are five sub species of African Buffalo, the most common being the Cape Buffalo.
African Buffalo herds are hierarchical, with dominant females and males usually being the strongest and biggest.
Herds of African Buffalo can reach numbers in the thousands during the rainy season.
African Buffalos communicate to each other with different vocalisations. When they feel threatened by predators, they sound a long “waaa” call.
African Buffalo calves are only born during the rainy season.
LATIN NAME: Syncerus caffer
STATUS: Near Threatened (NT)
MATURE POPULATION: 398,000 – 401,000
HEIGHT: 3.3 – 5.6 feet
WEIGHT: 300 – 900 kg
LIFESPAN: 18 years
HABITAT: Forest, Savanna, Woodland
African Buffalo are large, cow-like animals with large upwards-curling horns. Their young are usually reddish-brown in colour, becoming darker with age.
African Buffalo were once found throughout much of sub-Saharan Africa. Their populations have declined dramatically since the 19th century. This was due to loss of habitats from human expansion, climate change, poaching and disease.